Acne is a problem that affects up to 85% of the population at some stage of their life. It is a medical term used to describe a range of symptoms from occasional blemishes to pimples, blackheads or whiteheads and sometimes even large cysts or swellings.
It usually affects people during adolescence due to hormonal imbalance, but is also seen to occur at any age – from babies through to middle age. Acne is usually located on the face but may also occur on the shoulders, back or chest.
There are four stages involved in the formation of Acne:
Excess production of sebum.
Normal shedding of dead skin cells is inhibited and the cells mix with the sebum, becoming sticky and blocking the pore.
Oil and debris accumulate within the blocked follicle allowing P. acnes bacteria (naturally present in the skin) to feed on this oil.
White blood cells respond to the area, causing inflammation which in turn leads to redness, swelling and often pain associated with acne.
Further inflammation is caused when the follicle ruptures leading to leakage of oil and bacteria onto the dermis.
The range targets acne by the action of cleansing, moisturising and drying. It contains Salicylic Acid, a well-known exfoliating ingredient, and Benzoyl Peroxide, a strong anti-bacterial agent, along with hydrating and soothing botanicals such as Canadian Willowherb and African Whitewood. These botanicals help limit side effects usually associated with anti-acne products such as dryness, irritation and redness.